The Names of the Roman Emperors. Die Namen der römischen Kaiser. Chen Yuting. Jedes Mal, wenn wir Münzen aus dem Römischen Kaiserreich anschauen. List of Roman Emperors (Gaul) · full name and date of birth unknown · Autumn Imperator Caesar Marcus Cassianus Latinius Postumus. Many translated example sentences containing "Roman emperor" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. <
The Names of the Roman EmperorsRoman emperor Marcus Aurelius was the final famous Stoic philosopher of the ancient world. The Meditations, his personal journal, survives to this day as one. Boys Roman Emperor Julius Caesar Greek Toga King Kids Costume. This costume is made of high-quality material. This is going to love this Roman Emperor. Der römische Kaiser war während der Kaiserzeit der Herrscher des Römischen Reiches. Die Kaiser verwendeten im Laufe der Geschichte verschiedene Titel. Wenn ein bestimmter Römer auf Englisch als "Kaiser" beschrieben wird, spiegelt dies oft seine.
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Der Europische Gerichtshof (EuGH) sieht das aber in seinem neuen Urteil etwas anders: Streamen ist Roman Emperor wohl strafbar und kann verfolgt Roman Emperor. - Jetzt kostenlos testenMEHR ENTDECKEN. He was at least involved behind the scenes in some other way, and he blamed the Christians and had many of them executed for Rome's burning. Cities promoted as Imperial cult centres drew Imperial sponsorship of festivals and sacred games, Disney + Frozen 2 tourism, trade and private investment. Deposed by Julius Neposwho appointed him Bishop of Journey Of Love Stream. Xxx 2 The Next Level answers to our daily worries and anxieties - big or small - lie at the heart of Stoic philosophy. Gutschein einlösen Geschenke Jobs Partnerprogramm Kontakt. Costume Party World. Like their peers in France and Englandthe medieval emperors of the Holy Roman Empire did not rule from a capital city, but had to maintain personal contact with Sahin K vassals on the ground. Domitian served as Roman emperor from 81 to The younger brother of Titus and the son of Vespasian, Domitian stood as the last member of the Flavian dynasty in line for the throne and inherited it after his brother suffered a fatal illness while traveling. Some believe that Domitian may have had a hand in his brother's death. Contents. Emperors after 2 The Principate. 27 BC–68 AD: Julio-Claudian dynasty. 68– Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty. 96– Nerva–Antonine dynasty. – Year of the Five Emperors and Severan dynasty. The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is described as becoming "emperor" in English, it reflects his taking of the title Augustus or Caesar. There are two parts to the answer to the question "What is (was) a Roman emperor?" One deals with the meaning of the word 'emperor' and the other with the evolution of the role of emperor. The first is relatively simple: The term emperor was used to mark a successful general. His troops hailed him as " imperator ". Roman emperors were the designated rulers of the empire which started after the end of the Roman Republic. The legitimacy of an emperor’s rule was dependent upon his control of the army and recognition by the Senate; an emperor would normally be proclaimed by his troops, invested with imperial titles by the Senate, or both.
Though during his own lifetime Odoacer maintained the legal fiction that he was actually ruling Italy as the viceroy of Zeno, historians mark as the traditional date of the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Large parts of Italy Sicily , the south part of the peninsula, Ravenna , Venice etc. In the East, the Empire continued until the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in Although known as the Byzantine Empire by contemporary historians, the Empire was simply known as the Roman Empire to its citizens and neighboring countries.
The line of Roman emperors in the Eastern Roman Empire continued unbroken at Constantinople until the capture of Constantinople in by the Fourth Crusade.
In the wake of this action, four lines of Emperors emerged, each claiming to be the legal successor: the Empire of Thessalonica , evolving from the Despotate of Epirus , which was reduced to impotence when its founder Theodore Komnenos Doukas was defeated, captured and blinded by the Bulgarian Emperor Ivan Asen III ;  the Latin Empire , which came to an end when the Empire of Nicaea recovered Constantinople in ; the Empire of Trebizond , whose importance declined over the 13th century, and whose claims were simply ignored;  and the Empire of Nicaea , whose claims based on kinship with the previous emperors, control of the Patriarch of Constantinople , and possession of Constantinople through military prowess, prevailed.
The successors of the emperors of Nicaea continued until the fall of Constantinople in under Constantine XI Palaiologos.
They had also ceased to use Latin as the language of state after Emperor Heraclius d. Historians have customarily treated the state of these later Eastern emperors under the name "Byzantine Empire".
It is important to note, however, that the adjective Byzantine , although historically used by Eastern Roman authors in a metonymic sense, was never an official term.
Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last reigning Roman emperor. A member of the Palaiologos dynasty , he ruled the remnant of the Eastern Roman Empire from until his death in defending its capital Constantinople.
He spent most of his childhood in Constantinople under the supervision of his parents. During the absence of his older brother in Italy , Constantine was regent in Constantinople from to Before the beginning of the siege , Mehmed the Conqueror made an offer to Constantine XI.
Constantine refused this offer. Instead he led the defense of the city and took an active part in the fighting along the land walls. At the same time, he used his diplomatic skills to maintain the necessary unity between the Genovese, Venetian, and Byzantine troops.
As the city fell on May 29, , Constantine is said to have remarked: "The city is fallen but I am alive. With his death, Roman imperial succession came to an end, almost years after Augustus.
After the fall of Constantinople, Thomas Palaiologos , brother of Constantine XI, was elected emperor and tried to organize the remaining forces.
His rule came to an end after the fall of the last major Byzantine city, Corinth. He then moved in Italy and continued to be recognized as Eastern emperor by the Christian powers.
His son Andreas Palaiologos continued claims on the Byzantine throne until he sold the title to Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, the grandparents of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
The concept of the Roman Empire was renewed in the West with the coronation of the king of the Franks, Charlemagne Charles the Great , as Roman emperor by the Pope on Christmas Day , This coronation had its roots in the decline of influence of the Pope in the affairs of the Byzantine Empire at the same time the Byzantine Empire declined in influence over politics in the West.
The Pope saw no advantage to be derived from working with the Byzantine Empire, but as George Ostrogorsky points out, "an alliance with the famous conqueror of the Lombards, on the other hand The immediate response of the Eastern Roman emperor was not welcoming.
Conscious of its imperial rights, Byzantium could only consider the elevation of Charles the Great to be an act of usurpation.
Nikephoros I chose to ignore Charlemagne's claim to the imperial title, clearly recognizing the implications of this act.
According to Ostrogorsky, "he even went so far as to refuse the Patriarch Nicephorus permission to dispatch the customary synodica to the Pope.
Unable to counter this encroachment on Byzantine territory, Nikephoros' successor Michael I Rangabe capitulated; in return for the restoration of the captured territories, Michael sent Byzantine delegates to Aachen in who recognized Charlemagne as Basileus.
This line of Roman emperors was actually generally Germanic rather than Roman, but maintained their Roman-ness as a matter of principle. These emperors used a variety of titles most frequently " Imperator Augustus " before finally settling on Imperator Romanus Electus "Elected Roman Emperor".
Historians customarily assign them the title "Holy Roman Emperor", which has a basis in actual historical usage, and treat their " Holy Roman Empire " as a separate institution.
To Latin Catholics of the time, the Pope was the temporal authority as well as spiritual authority, and as Bishop of Rome he was recognized as having the power to anoint or crown a new Roman emperor.
The last man to be crowned by the pope although in Bologna , not Rome was Charles V. All his successors bore only a title of "Elected Roman Emperor".
This line of Emperors lasted until when Francis II dissolved the Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. Despite the existence of later potentates styling themselves "emperor", such as the Napoleons, the Habsburg Emperors of Austria , and the Hohenzollern heads of the German Reich , this marked the end of the Western Empire.
Although there is a living heir, Karl von Habsburg , to the Habsburg dynasty, as well as a Pope and pretenders to the positions of the electors, and although all the medieval coronation regalia are still preserved in Austria, the legal abolition of all aristocratic prerogatives of the former electors and the imposition of republican constitutions in Germany and Austria render quite remote any potential for a revival of the Holy Roman Empire.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the ruler of the Roman Kingdom in the archaic period, see Kings of Rome.
For the dual chief magistrates during the Roman Republic , see Roman consul. For the Roman emperors, see List of Roman emperors.
Not to be confused with Holy Roman Emperor. Ruler of the Roman Empire in imperial period. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
First to command Augustus 16 January 27 BC — 19 August AD Ancient Rome. Principate 27 BC — AD Dominate AD — Western AD — Eastern AD — Roman law Ius Imperium Mos maiorum Collegiality Auctoritas Roman citizenship Cursus honorum Senatus consultum.
Centuriate Curiate Plebeian Tribal. Consul Praetor Quaestor Promagistrate Aedile Tribune Censor Governor.
Corrector Dictator Magister equitum Consular tribune Rex Triumviri Decemviri. Legatus Dux Officium Praeses Praefectus Vicarius Vigintisexviri Lictor Magister militum Imperator Princeps senatus Pontifex maximus Augustus Caesar Tetrarch.
Other countries. Main article: Imperator. Main articles: Principate and Roman Emperor Principate. Roman coins i. Main article: Principate. Main article: Crisis of the Third Century.
Main article: Dominate. Main article: Western Roman Empire. Main article: Succession of the Roman Empire. Main article: Constantine XI Palaiologos.
Further information: Deposition of Romulus Augustulus. Ancient Rome portal. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities.
University of Chicago. Rome and its Empire, AD — Edinburgh University Press. Vaballathus Zenobia Septimius Antiochus.
Diocletian Maximian Galerius Constantius Chlorus Severus Constantine the Great Maxentius Licinius Maximinus Daza Valerius Valens Martinian Constantine II Constantius II Constans I Magnentius Vetranio Julian Jovian Valentinian I west Valens east Gratian west Valentinian II west Theodosius I Magnus Maximus Victor Eugenius.
Honorius Constantine III with son Constans II Constantius III Joannes Valentinian III Petronius Maximus Avitus Majorian Libius Severus Anthemius Olybrius Glycerius Julius Nepos Romulus Augustulus.
Constantine Laskaris Theodore I Laskaris John III Doukas Vatatzes Theodore II Laskaris John IV Laskaris. Michael VIII Palaiologos Andronikos II Palaiologos with Michael IX Palaiologos as co-emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos John V Palaiologos John VI Kantakouzenos with John V Palaiologos and Matthew Kantakouzenos as co-emperors John V Palaiologos Andronikos IV Palaiologos John VII Palaiologos Andronikos V Palaiologos Manuel II Palaiologos John VIII Palaiologos Constantine XI Palaiologos.
Categories : Roman emperors Government of the Roman Empire Lists of monarchs Lists of office-holders in ancient Rome.
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Wikimedia Commons. Augustus Imperator Caesar Augustus. Grandnephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar , became emperor as a result of settlement with the Roman Senate.
Tiberius Tiberius Caesar Augustus. Caligula formally Gaius Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus. Claudius Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus.
Uncle of Caligula, grandnephew of Augustus, proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guard and accepted by the Senate. Nero Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus.
Grandnephew, stepson, son-in-law and adopted son of Claudius, great-great-grandson of Augustus. Galba Servius Galba Caesar Augustus .
Otho Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus . Vitellius Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Augustus. Vespasian Caesar Vespasianus Augustus .
Titus Titus Caesar Vespasianus Augustus . Domitian Caesar Domitianus Augustus . Brother of Titus and son of Vespasian, was accepted as emperor by the Praetorian Guard and the Senate.
Nerva Nerva Caesar Augustus . Proclaimed emperor after the murder of Domitian. First of the " Five Good Emperors ".
Trajan Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus . Adopted son and heir of Nerva. His reign marked the geographical peak of the empire. Hadrian Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus .
Antoninus Pius Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. Marcus Aurelius Marcus Aurelius Antoninus .
Adopted son and son-in-law of Antoninus Pius. Adoptive brother and co-emperor of Lucius Verus. Last of the " Five Good Emperors ".
Lucius Verus Lucius Aurelius Verus. Adopted son and heir of Antoninus Pius and son-in-law of Marcus Aurelius; Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius until his death.
Commodus Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus. Pertinax Publius Helvius Pertinax. Didius Julianus Marcus Didius Severus Julianus. Septimius Severus Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax.
Proclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions. Caracalla formally Antoninus Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Son and heir of Septimius Severus, ruled jointly with his brother, Geta.
Geta Publius Septimius Geta. Macrinus Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus. Praetorian prefect to Caracalla, whom he possibly conspired to have murdered, and afterwards became himself emperor with consent of the army.
Diadumenian Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus. Son of Macrinus, named emperor by his father after the eruption of a rebellion in favor of Elagabalus.
Elagabalus formally Antoninus Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Cousin and alleged illegitimate son of Caracalla, grandnephew of Septimius Severus, proclaimed emperor by the army, in opposition to Macrinus.
Severus Alexander Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander. Cousin and adopted heir of Elagabalus, grandnephew of Septimius Severus, proclaimed emperor by the troops.
Maximinus Thrax Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus. Gordian I Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus. Proclaimed emperor alongside his son, Gordian II , while serving as governor of Africa , in a revolt against Maximinus, and recognized by the Senate.
Committed suicide upon hearing of the death of his son, Gordian II . Gordian II Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus.
Proclaimed emperor alongside father Gordian I, during revolt in Africa against Maximinus. Killed outside Carthage in battle against an army loyal to Maximinus .
Pupienus Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus. Proclaimed emperor jointly with Balbinus by the Senate after death of Gordian I and II, in opposition to Maximinus.
Tortured and murdered by the Praetorian Guard . Balbinus Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus. Proclaimed emperor jointly with Pupienus by the Senate after death of Gordian I and II, in opposition to Maximinus.
Gordian III Marcus Antonius Gordianus. Grandson of Gordian I, appointed as heir by Pupienus and Balbinus, upon whose deaths he succeeded as emperor.
February aged 19 Died during campaign against Persia , possibly in a murder plot instigated by his successor, Philip the Arab .
Philip the Arab Marcus Julius Philippus. February — c. September 5 years and 7 months. Praetorian prefect to Gordian III, took power after his death.
Killed at the Battle of Verona against Decius. Philip II Marcus Julius Severus Philippus. Murdered by the Praetorian Guard . Decius Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius.
Proclaimed emperor by the troops in Moesia , then defeated Philip the Arab in battle. Herennius Etruscus Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius.
Killed in battle against the Goths alongside his father, Decius . Hostilian Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus. Son and heir of Decius, accepted as emperor by Trebonianus Gallus.
Probably died of the plague, possibly killed by Trebonianus Gallus . Trebonianus Gallus Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus.
August Murdered by his own troops, in favour of Aemilian . Volusianus Gaius Vibius Afinius Gallus Veldumnianus Volusianus.
August Murdered by the soldiers, alongside his father . Aemilian Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus. Commander of the army in Moesia , proclaimed emperor by the soldiers after defeating barbarians, and in opposition to Gallus.
Murdered by his own troops, in favor of Valerian . Valerian Publius Licinius Valerianus. Army commander in Raetia and Noricum , proclaimed emperor by the legions in opposition to Aemilian.
Captured at Edessa by the Persian king Shapur I , died in captivity . Nerva 96—98 ce. Trajan 98— ce. Hadrian — ce. Antoninus Pius — ce. Marcus Aurelius — ce.
Lucius Verus — ce. Commodus — ce. Publius Helvius Pertinax January—March ce. Marcus Didius Severus Julianus March—June ce. Septimius Severus — ce.
Caracalla — ce. Publius Septimius Geta — ce. Macrinus — ce. Elagabalus — ce. Severus Alexander — ce. Maximinus — ce. Gordian I March—April ce.
Gordian II March—April ce. Pupienus Maximus April 22—July 29, ce. Balbinus April 22—July 29, ce. Gordian III — ce. Philip — ce.
Decius — ce. Hostilian ce. Gallus — ce. Aemilian ce. Valerian — ce. The western part lasted until AD, when it became ruled by the Germanic people.
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Wikimedia Commons. Vexillum of the emperor. First to command Augustus 16 January 27 BC — 19 August AD