Die neue Centaur™-Gruppe Rim Brake Version mit fach-Schaltung steht für die kontinuierliche Campagnolo® -Innovation und ist ein gutes Beispiel dafür. Ein Kentaur, deutsch auch Zentaur, ist ein Mischwesen der griechischen Mythologie aus Pferd und Mensch. ( Der Centaur bzw. Der letzte Centaur); In den Chroniken von Narnia von C. S. Lewis tauchen Kentauren als Teil der Streitmacht unter der Führung. <
Training im MILON Q Kraftzirkel( Der Centaur bzw. Der letzte Centaur); In den Chroniken von Narnia von C. S. Lewis tauchen Kentauren als Teil der Streitmacht unter der Führung. Centaur ist die Bezeichnung einer mit flüssigem Wasserstoff und flüssigem Sauerstoff (LH2/LOX) angetriebenen Raketenstufe, die häufig mit der Atlas-Rakete. Mit dem Centaur hat man die Möglichkeit ein computergestützes, präventives sowie therapeutisches Training der stabilisierenden Rumpfmuskulatur.
Centaur Prometheus VideoCentaur Job Interview - Saturday Night Live Greek Mythology One of a race of monsters having the head, arms, and trunk of a man and the body and legs of a horse. 2. Astronomy Any of a group of icy asteroids that orbit the sun primarily in the region between Jupiter and Neptune, whose orbits they cross. Some centaurs appear to be more like comets than asteroids. A centaur was a creature from Greek mythology which was half-man and half-horse. The head, arms and torso were human and joined at the waist to the body and legs of a horse. These creatures represented barbarism and unbridled chaos and were frequently represented in Greek architectural sculpture and pottery decoration. A centaur (/ ˈ s ɛ n. t ɔːr,-t ɑːr /; Ancient Greek: κένταυρος, kéntauros, Latin: centaurus), or occasionally hippocentaur, is a creature from Greek mythology with the upper body of a human and the lower body and legs of a horse. A Centaur is a magical creature whose head, torso, and arms appear to be human and are joined to a horse 's body. They are, however, their own individual species, and thus are not half-breeds. They also have a rich history and are known for being naturally talented in Healing magic, Divination and Astronomy. Centaurs are half-human, half-horse creatures in Greek mythology. They have the body of a horse and the torso, head and arms of a man. They were considered to be the children of Ixion, king of the Lapiths, and Nephele, a cloud made in the image of Hera.
One example is the pair of centaurs drawing the chariot of Constantine the Great and his family in the Great Cameo of Constantine circa AD —16 , which embodies wholly pagan imagery, and contrasts sharply with the popular image of Constantine as the patron of early Christianity.
Centaurs preserved a Dionysian connection in the 12th-century Romanesque carved capitals of Mozac Abbey in the Auvergne. Other similar capitals depict harvesters, boys riding goats a further Dionysiac theme , and griffins guarding the chalice that held the wine.
Centaurs are also shown on a number of Pictish carved stones from north-east Scotland erected in the 8th—9th centuries AD e. Though outside the limits of the Roman Empire , these depictions appear to be derived from Classical prototypes.
The John C. Hodges library at The University of Tennessee hosts a permanent exhibit of a "Centaur from Volos " in its library.
The exhibit, made by sculptor Bill Willers by combining a study human skeleton with the skeleton of a Shetland pony , is entitled "Do you believe in Centaurs?
According to the exhibitors, it was meant to mislead students in order to make them more critically aware. Centaurs are common in European heraldry, although more frequent in continental than in British arms.
A centaur holding a bow is referred to as a sagittarius. Jerome's version of the Life of St Anthony the Great , written by Athanasius of Alexandria about the hermit monk of Egypt, was widely disseminated in the Middle Ages; it relates Anthony's encounter with a centaur who challenged the saint, but was forced to admit that the old gods had been overthrown.
The episode was often depicted in The Meeting of St Anthony Abbot and St Paul the Hermit by the painter Stefano di Giovanni , who was known as "Sassetta".
Lucretius , in his first-century BC philosophical poem On the Nature of Things , denied the existence of centaurs based on their differing rate of growth.
He states that at the age of three years, horses are in the prime of their life while humans at the same age are still little more than babies, making hybrid animals impossible.
Lewis ' The Chronicles of Narnia series depicts centaurs as the wisest and noblest of creatures. Narnian Centaurs are gifted at stargazing, prophecy, healing, and warfare; a fierce and valiant race always faithful to the High King Aslan the Lion.
Rowling 's Harry Potter series, centaurs live in the Forbidden Forest close to Hogwarts, preferring to avoid contact with humans. They live in societies called herds and are skilled at archery, healing, and astrology, but like in the original myths, they are known to have some wild and barbarous tendencies.
Chiron retains his mythological role as a trainer of heroes and is skilled in archery. In Riordan's subsequent series, Heroes of Olympus , another group of centaurs are depicted with more animalistic features such as horns and appear as villains, serving the Gigantes.
Philip Jose Farmer 's World of Tiers series includes centaurs, called Half-Horses or Hoi Kentauroi. His creations address several of the metabolic problems of such creatures—how could the human mouth and nose intake sufficient air to sustain both itself and the horse body and, similarly, how could the human ingest sufficient food to sustain both parts.
Brandon Mull 's Fablehaven series features centaurs that live in an area called Grunhold. The centaurs are portrayed as a proud, elitist group of beings that consider themselves superior to all other creatures.
The fourth book also has a variation on the species called an Alcetaur, which is part man, part moose.
The myth of the centaur appears in John Updike 's novel The Centaur. The author depicts a rural Pennsylvanian town as seen through the optics of the myth of the centaur.
An unknown and marginalized local school teacher, just like the mythological Chiron did for Prometheus, gave up his life for the future of his son who had chosen to be an independent artist in New York.
A number of dates have been suggested over the years by centaur enthusiasts to celebrate the myth of the Centaur  , the most recent claim being that May 14th is International Centaur Appreciation Day  , and appears to be celebrated by some, however no official conclusion has been met.
Diosphos Painter , white-ground lekythos BC. Botticelli , Pallas and Centaur — Antonio Canova , Theseus Defeats the Centaur A bronze statue of a centaur, after the Furietti Centaurs.
Other hybrid creatures appear in Greek mythology, always with some liminal connection that links Hellenic culture with archaic or non-Hellenic cultures:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Greek mythological creature. This article is about the mythological creatures.
For other uses, see Centaur disambiguation. Main article: Centaurides. Main article: Centaurs in popular culture.
Prince Bova fights Polkan , Russian lubok Ancient Greece portal Myths portal. HarperCollins Publishers 1 Sep.
Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 19 April Merriam Company , s. The Classical World. Theoi Project. Retrieved February 28, Journal of Popular Culture.
Scobie quotes Martin P. Nilsson Geschichte der griechischen Religion. Mexico: A Study of Two Americas. Retrieved 24 April — via University of Virginia Hypertexts.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. Seals and Sealing in the Ancient World: Case Studies from the Near East, Egypt, the Aegean, and South Asia.
Cambridge University Press. Deciphering the Indus Script. How beautiful the Kentaurides are, even where they are horses; for some grow out of white mares, others are attached to chestnut mares, and the coat's of others are dappled, but they glisten like those of horses that are well cared for.
There is also a white female centaur that grows out of a black mare, and the very opposition of the colours helps to produce the united beauty of the whole.
But after all they have, as we see, mothers of the same stock and wives next [the Kentaurides] and colts as their offspring and a most delightful home [in the vales of Mount Pelion].
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 62 trans. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. Juno, by Jove's [Zeus'] instructions, substituted a Cloud Nube [Nephele], which Ixion believed to be the likeness of Juno.
From this the Centauri Centaurs were born. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 14 : "Peirithous, son of Ixion a brother of the Centauri Centaurs.
Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Homer, Odyssey Shewring Greek epic C8th B.
Wine it was that darkened the wits of Eurytion the Kentauros Centaur in the palace of bold Peirithoos. The Kentauros had come to the Lapithai's Lapiths' country, and now with wine he clouded his understanding and in his frenzy did monstrous things in the very hall of Peirithoos Pirithous.
The heroes were seized with indignation; they leapt up, they dragged the Kentauros across the courtyard and out of doors, they lopped off his ears and nose with the ruthless bronze, and the frenzied creature went his way, taking his retribution with him in his still darkened mind.
From this beginning came the long feud between men and Kentauroi Centaurs , but it was Eurytion first of all who brought chastisement on himself by his drunkenness.
Homer, Iliad 1. Lattimore Greek epic C8th B. These were the strongest generation of earth-born mortals, the strongest, and they fought against the strongest, the beast-men pheres [i.
I was of the company of these men, coming from Pylos, a long way from a distant land, since they had summoned me. And I fought single-handed, yet against such men no one of the mortals now alive upon earth could do battle.
Homer, Iliad 2. Hesiod, Shield of Heracles ff trans. Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th or C7th B. These were of silver, and had armour of gold upon their bodies.
And the Kentauroi Centaurs were gathered against them on the other side with Petraios Petraeus and Asbolos the diviner, Arktos Arctus , and Oureios Ureus , and black-haired Mimas, and the two sons of Peukeus Peuceus , Perimedes and Dryalos: these were of silver, and they had pinetrees of gold in their hands, and they were rushing together as though they were alive and striking at one another hand to hand with spears and with pines.
Pindar, Fragment trans. Sandys Greek lyric C5th B. But Kaineus Caeneus , struck by the green fir-trees, cleft the ground with his foot, where he stood, and passed beneath the earth.
Theognis, Fragment trans. Gerber, Vol. Greek Elegiac Greek elegy C6th B. For when Peirithous was courting Hippodameia, he gave a banquet for the Kentauroi because they were related to her; but they, unused to wine, drank too much too fast and got drunk, and when the bride was ushered in they tried to rape her.
So Peirthous put on full armor and with Gheseus' help started a battle, and Theseus slew many of them. For this reason in the battle of the Kentauroi Centaurs , he was contemptuous of being wounded, and destroyed many of them.
The remainder finally encircled him and hammered him down into the earth with fir clubs. Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.
Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. In his younger days he had fought in the ranks of the mighty Lapithai Lapiths when they were at war with the Kentauroi Centaurs.
Unaided by his noble friends he had routed the enemy, and even when the rallied against him they could not bend his back or kill him.
Unbroken and unbowed he sank below the earth, overwhelmed by the massive pines with which they beat him down. We are also told that they demanded of Peirithoos Pirithous , on the ground of kinship, their share of their father's kingdom, and that when Peirithoos would not yield it to them they made war on both him and the Lapithes Lapiths.
At a later time, the account goes on to say, when they had made up their differences, Peirithoos married Hippodameia, the daughter of Boutes Butes , and invited both Theseus and the Kentauroi to the wedding.
The Kentauroi, however, becoming drunken assaulted the female guests and lay with them by violence, whereupon both Theseus and the Lapithes, incensed by such a display of lawlessness, slew not a few of them and drove the rest out of the city.
Because of this the Kentauroi gathered all their forces, made a campaign against the Lapithes, and slew many of them, the survivors fleeing into Mount Pholoe in Arkadia Arcadia and ultimately escaping from there to Cape Malea, where they made their home.
And the Kentauroi, elated by these successes, made Mt Pholoe the base of their operations, plundering the Greeks who passed by, and slew many of their neighbours.
Strabo, Geography 9. Jones Greek geographer C1st B. Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. Theseus has already killed a Kentauros Centaur , but elsewhere the fighting is still undecided.
Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. On one side of him is Eurytion, who has seized the wife of Peirithoos Pirithous , with Kaineus Caeneus bringing help to Peirithoos, and on the other side is Theseus defending himself against the Kentauroi with an axe.
One Kentauros Centaur has seized a maid, another a boy inn the prime of his youth. Plutarch, Life of Theseus Perrin Greek historian C1st to C2nd A.
Now he had invited the Kentauroi Centaurs also to the wedding feast. And when these were flown with insolence and wine, and laid hands upon the women, the Lapithai took vengeance upon them.
Some of them they slew upon the spot, the rest they afterwards overcame in war and expelled from the country, Theseus fighting with them at the banquet and in the war.
Herodoros, however, says that this was not how it happened, but that the war was already in progress when Theseus came to the aid of the Lapithai.
Aelian, Historical Miscellany Wilson Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A. Melesandros of Miletos wrote on the battle of the Lapithai Lapiths and Kentauroi Centaurs.
Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History Book 3 summary from Photius, Myriobiblon trans. Pearse Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 14 trans.
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 33 : "At another marriage, when Pirithous was taking Hippodamia, daughter of Adrastus, Centauri Centaurs , full of wine, attempted to carry off the wives of the Lapithae Lapiths.
The Centauri killed many of them, but by them perished. Ovid, Metamorphoses Melville Roman epic C1st B. Centaurs] to recline at tables ranged within a tree-clad cave.
The Haemonii lords of Thessaly were there and I [Nestor] was there myself. The festive palace rang with the merry hubbub of the milling guests.
And now the wedding hymn was sung, the fires smoked in the royal hall, in came the bride with wives and matrons walking at her side, supreme in beauty.
Blessed indeed we called Pirithous with such a bride--and brought, nearly, thereby their wedded bliss to naught! For Eurytus, the fiercest of the fierce Centauri, was fired by wine and by the sight of that fair girl, and drink was in command, double by lust.
Tables were overturned, the banquet in confusion, and the bride, held by her hair, was seized and carried off. Hippodame was seized by Eurytus; the others seized what girl each would or could.
The scene was like a city sacked; the house echoed with women's screams. No answer came; for no words could defend such deeds.
The dastard charged her champion, pummelled his noble chest and punched his chin. An antique wine-bowl chanced to stand near by, jagged with high relief; huge as it was, Aegides [Theseus] still huger lifted it and hurled it crashing on his foe.
He vomited great gouts of blood with brains and wine from wound and throat, and falling backwards beat his heels upon the soaking sand. Wine gave courage.
In the first fighting goblets went flying and fragile jars and bowls and dishes meant for banqueting, now turned to war and carnage.
Both his eyes leapt out, cheek bones were shattered, nose forced back and wedged inside his mouth. Then Amycus was felled by Pelates Pellaeus who'd wrenched away a maple table-leg; his chin was forced into his chest, and as he spat dark blood and teeth a second would sent him away down to the shades of the Underworld umbrae Tartareae.
Orios was the son of Mycale, whose magic spells, men say, had many a time forced down the struggling Moon. He reamed the double prongs in Gryneus' eyes and gouged his eyeballs.
One stuck to the horn, one rolling down his beard hung caked in blood. Then [the centaur] Rhoetus, snatching up a blazing brand of plum-wood from the altar, on the right slashes Charaxus' forehead sheltered by his auburn hair.
Caught by the ravening flame the tresses blaze like sun-baked corn; the blood, scorched in the wound, hissed with a ghastly sound, the sound of red-hot iron when a smith takes it in his curved tongs and plunges it into his water-tank and down it goes, hissing and sizzling, and the water's warm.
Wounded, he shook away the hungry flame from his dishevelled hair, and pulling up a slab, a threshold-stone, he shouldered it, a wagon-load, whose very weight ensured it reached no foe : yes, one of his own side, Cometes, standing near, was crushed beneath the granite block Rhoetus could not contain his joy.
Victorious he [the centaur Rhoetus] turned on Corythus and Dryas and Euagrus. But not the same end this time. As he swaggered, proud of his trail of slaughter, Dryas thrust him through a charred pointed stake where neck and shoulder join.
He groaned and strained to wrench the stake from the hard bone and fled away, soaked in his own red blood. Dryas' right arm felled all of them as they faced him.
Facing him [the centaur] Crenaeus too was wounded though he'd turned his back in flight; for looking round he too the weighty tell between his eyes, just where nose finds its way to fore head.
In that din [the centaur] Aphidas lay with every vein relaxed in endless sleep, unwoken, undisturbed, sprawled on a shaggy bearskin from Mount Ossa, his wine-filled cup in his unconscious hand, out of the fight--in vain!
Death came unfelt. Over the couch--into the cup--blood gushed from his full throat. I saw [the centaur] Petraeus trying to uproot an acorn-laden oak and as his arms embraced it and he forced it to and fro, rocking its tottering trunk, Pirithous, hurling a lance that pierced Petraeus' ribs, pinned fast his writhing chest to the tough wood.
The prowess of Pirithous, men say, laid [the centaur] Lycus low, laid [the centaur] Chromis low, but each gave less distinction to the victor than [the centaurs] Dictys and Helops.
Helops was transfixed by a lance that struck his forehead from the right and pierced to his left ear. Dictys, in flight before the onslaught of Ixion's son [Pirithous], slipped on a mountain precipice and fell headlong; his weight broke a huge mountain-ash whose splintered spike impaled him in his groin.
For vengeance [the centaur] Aphareus was there and tried to throw a rock wrenched from the mountainside. But Aegides [Theseus] caught him as he threw and smashed his giant elbow with a club of oak.
No time nor wish to do to death that good-for-nothing! On [centaur] Bienor's back he leapt a back not used to carry a soul except himself and, knees gripping his flanks and left hand holding fast his head of hair, he swung the knotted club and smashed his mouth, screaming out threats, and broke his bony brow.
That club then felled [the centaurs] Nedymnus and Lycopes, famed for his javelin, and [centaur] Hippasos whose long beard draped his chest, and Ripheus too whose stature overtopped the forest trees, and [centaur] Thereus who would capture mountain bears of Haemonia [Thessalia] and bring them home alive and snarling.
Theseus' triumphs in the fight were too much for [centaur] Demeleon. Give Feedback External Websites.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Centaur Encyclopedia Mythica - Centaur.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Centaur fighting a Lapith, detail from a metope of the Parthenon; in the British Museum, London. Britannica Quiz. A Study of Greek and Roman Mythology.
Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology.